Health has improved a lot in this century, especially in the midst of a sustainable development economy like the UK. Live anticipation in England and Wales is now in the mid-1970s, more than 30 years since the early 1900s.
This widespread improvement is largely due to low infant mortality.
But the health of many populations can still improve. Poor health resulting from environmental pollution, social deprivation and personal irresponsibility is one of the main factors that contribute to premature death.
The lack of this should become another cornerstone of the country’s sustainable development strategy. Better health is not just about better national health care. We need to think about the causes of poor health and how to ensure a healthy life, not just a long period of time.
We have to address pollution, unhealthy lifestyles, poverty, joblessness, poor housing, and low education, all of which are major factors that lead to poor health.
The following indicators describe not only the state of health of a nation, but also the state of available primary health care. Such indicators would help the government to recognize some external and internal pressures on sustainability that appear as health problems.
- General life expectancy
- Child mortality
- Death rates from specific health problems like heart disease and cancer
- Death rate from accidents
- GDP spent on primary health care
- Hospital waiting list and hospital waiting time
- Epidemiological studies and other health surveillance initiatives
- Diversified population living in industrial areas.
COVID-19 during pregnancy or childbirth: here you need to know. A child without a COVID-19 pandemic is quite stressful, which is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus and all associated misinformation.
If you are pregnant or will be giving birth soon, it is best to obtain information from reliable sources such as the World Health Organization.
The Royal College of Obstetricians and the Australian Government Department of Health. Pregnant women must act like the general public to protect themselves. Image by David Wagner. Pregnant women must act like the general public to protect themselves.
This is a new virus: Because SARS-CoV-2 is a new virus, we are learning more about it every day. Since most pregnant women are young and generally healthy, they are less likely to be seriously affected (which is good news). But since there is also a child to consider, the image can be more complex.
In the UK, a mother with recent COVID-19 disease recently had a positive delivery immediately after birth, but we are not sure whether she was infected in utero (unlikely) or after birth (more likely). As far as we know, the baby is fine and the mother is being treated.
Other reports of babies with COVID-19 also showed they had mild symptoms and a good recovery. From China’s experience to the WHO council. To date, much of our information on COVID-19 comes from China. This is where one of the first studies involving only nine pregnant women with COVID-19 occurred.
All of these women had caesarean sections, none were very bad, and all the mothers and babies were recovered and there was no evidence of virus in the breast, breast, or fluid in the baby. It is not clear why these children were born by cesarean section. China has a very high caesarean section rate.
Which is not optimal and may affect how they reacted. The new WHO guidelines state: There is no evidence that pregnant women with different signs or symptoms are present or at increased risk of serious illness.
So far, there is no evidence of mother-to-child transmission when infection appears in the third trimester. The WHO recommends that caesarean section ideally be performed only when medically appropriate. Why are pregnant women not more sensitive to COVID-19:
Pregnant women are generally more susceptible to viruses that cause respiratory problems (like the flu). Their immunity is reduced, their lungs are more restricted, and they require more oxygen. However, this does not appear to be the case with COVID-19.
In an analysis of 147 women with COVID-19, only 8% had severe illness and 1% were in critical condition. It is lower than the general population. A low immune response to pregnancy, which is necessary to prevent a woman’s body from responding to her baby as a health hazard, may actually provide additional protection with COVID-19.
COVID-19 appears to be more severe in people with an immune system who work hard to treat other health disorders. With COVID-19, more men are affected than women, and women are less likely to become seriously ill and die. To date, the death rate is 1.7% for women and 2.8% for men.
However, it may change as the epidemic spreads. Women comprise the majority of health workers and caregivers will be in contact with more sick people. How can pregnant women protect themselves and others. Pregnant women must act like the general public to protect themselves, including:
- Covering the mouth when coughing;
- Avoid the sick;
- Ask people who are not well to avoid going;
Wash hands frequently with soap and water or alcohol-based disinfectants and avoid large gatherings.
It would be wise not to travel abroad at this time; Upon return you may have to self-immolate. Women who think they have contracted COVID-19 can now consult for a mass billing telemedicine call (video call) instead of meeting their GP or other healthcare professional in person.
Women who are pregnant or have new children are preferred for Tele-Health services. If you have been asked to contact someone with COVID-19 or to isolate yourself due to illness, be sure to contact your midwife or obstetrician by phone and follow your healthcare provider’s advice.
What about prenatal visits and going to the hospital to be born: Going on dates, but if you lose a partner, don’t stress out and a quick vacation can be a good idea if you can. If you are admitted to a delivery center or hospital, many precautions are taken to reduce the risk of infection.
Delivery will be planned in most cases and it would be ideal to go home early and if you and your baby are well encouraged. Keep in mind that some hospitals are restricting visits and even supporting other people who are not accompanying, to reduce the risk to the community.
Can a baby become infected with COVID-19 in the womb: The placenta is a very efficient filtering system and does an amazing job of protecting children from harm. The exception was the Zika virus. There is no evidence of further complications.
Although if a woman was very ill (for example, with high temperature or pneumonia), the baby may be born prematurely. This may be due to the deliberate intervention of health professionals if the woman is very ill.
In general, however, a diagnosis of COVID-19 should not be decided for premature birth, unless termination of pregnancy is considered beneficial to the mother due to her general condition. There is insufficient evidence that COVID-19 increases miscarriage and it is too early to know any other long-term effects on the baby.
What should I do after birth
The benefits of breastfeeding are very important. The who recommends that it start within an hour after birth. Skin-to-skin contact should be supported immediately after birth if the baby is well. If the mother is very ill, she should be helped to express milk.
Breastfeeding is particularly effective against infectious diseases because it transfers antibodies and other important immune factors to the baby. If the woman or child has an infection, the structure of breast milk also changes to improve vital components that help the child fight the infection.
So if you were thinking about stopping breastfeeding, it would probably continue until the epidemic ended.
The who recommends that women who have COVID-19, who should wash their hands before and after exposure to the child, wear a medical mask when the baby is near them if they have symptoms (such as a cough), and can touch surfaces They are regularly cleaned and disinfected.
What else can you do?
Get vaccinated when the seasonal flu vaccine becomes available. We know that it can be protective during pregnancy. It is free for pregnant women and there is no risk to your baby with the flu shot. You will not be protected against COVID-19, but you will get some protection against the flu (which can be very troublesome for pregnant women).
The last thing you want is the flu and COVID-19. Free flu shots will be available starting in mid-April, but if women want them first, they can get them at the pharmacy in late March for a fee. If you are very concerned, especially try to be calm and talk to your midwife or doctor. This article was originally published in Conversation.
Receiving COVID-19 during pregnancy is harmful to your baby – pregnancy is an exciting and stressful time. Her mind goes from mild questions to worried questions (but not silly, no silly questions when pregnant).
A common question is how the disease affects the baby during pregnancy. You should always tell your doctor if you have a fever during pregnancy, as some viruses can affect your baby’s health. Examples include:
- Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
- varicella zoster
- Zika virus
- parvovirus B19
In 2019, a new virus collided with the world scene and spread rapidly: a new coronavirus, responsible for respiratory disease COVID-19. With the risk of the Zika virus and the birth abnormality still fresh in the minds of many, pregnant women may have added another concern to their growing lists.
And in 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) Trust Source declared the global outbreak of COVID-19 to be a “public health emergency of international concern.” Those are some terrifying words.
COVID-19 continues to be a new disease that has not been well studied. It is not fully understood how it affects pregnant women and their developing babies. And that is stressful. But before you panic, read on. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, then you need to know about the new coronavirus.
What is coronavirus: Coronavirus is a family of viruses that spreads to both humans and animals and can cause anything from the common cold to more serious respiratory illnesses. In late 2019.
A new coronavirus, called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), emerged in humans in Wuhan, China.
Expertly trusted sources are not exactly sure how the virus originated or spread, but they suspect that it may have been transferred from human to human by contact with an animal. The virus causes a respiratory disease called COVID-19. What symptoms should pregnant or lactating women be aware of?
COVID-19 is primarily a respiratory disease. Symptoms generally appear 2 to 14 days after exposure to new coronaviruses. Data from people who purchased COVID-19 in China found an average incubation period of 4 days. The most common symptoms, whether you are pregnant or not, are:
- Labored breathing
Other symptoms include:
- Chills, which can sometimes occur with repeated shaking.
- Sore throat
- Loss of smell or taste.
- Muscle aches and pains.
If you have any of these symptoms and are pregnant, call your doctor. You may need to be seen and perhaps even examined, but it is important to notify your doctor in advance before going to the office so that staff can take precautions to protect the health of themselves and other patients.
Are pregnant women more susceptible to the virus?
The virus has not been widely studied, so no one can say for sure. But the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) trusted source noted that pregnant women are susceptible to all other types of respiratory infections, like the flu. This is partly because pregnancy changes your immune system and partly because pregnancy affects your lungs and heart.
Still, as of March 2020, there is no firm evidence to suggest that pregnant women are at a higher risk for COVID-19 than others, according to the 2020 study. And even if they do contract the infection, the researchers say.
They are not more likely than others to have serious complications of the disease, such as pneumonia.
What medical treatments are safe for pregnant women with coronavirus: Treatment for COVID-19 is similar to treatment for other respiratory diseases. Whether you are pregnant or not, doctors recommend.
If Tylenol doesn’t reduce fever, you have trouble breathing, or you start to vomit, call your doctor for more help. How dangerous is this coronavirus for a pregnant woman: Again, because the virus is so new, little data is available. But experts can draw from the past.
The CDCTrusted source points out that pregnant women who have other related coronaviruses are more likely to have worse outcomes than pregnant women who do not receive these infections.
Things like miscarriage, premature labor, stillbirth, and more serious infections have been observed in pregnant women along with other coronaviruses. And a high fever in the first trimester of pregnancy, regardless of its cause, can cause birth defects.
Well, take a deep breath. We know that sounds super scary. But not all the news is serious, especially when we see pregnant women who have given birth after getting sick with this particular virus.
According to the WHO report, according to the source that analyzes a small sample of pregnant women with COVID-19, the vast majority do not have serious cases. Of the 147 women studied, 8 percent had severe COVID-19 and 1 percent had a critical condition.
The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists reports that while some Chinese women with coronavirus symptoms have given birth to premature babies, it is unclear whether the babies were born prematurely due to infection or because doctors were at risk of a premature delivery.
It was decided because the mothers were not well. They also saw no evidence that it specifically caused coronavirus abortions. Can the virus pass to my baby during pregnancy or delivery: When looking at women who have given birth while infected with this coronavirus.
The answer is probably unlikely, or more accurately, there is no definitive evidence that it does. COVID-19 is a disease that is spread mainly from one person to another through drops (think infected people cough and sneeze). Your child can only be exposed to such drops after birth.
In a small study looking at nine pregnant Chinese women infected with the new coronovirus in the last trimester of pregnancy, the virus did not appear in samples taken from its amniotic fluid or umbilical cord blood, or from the hooves of newborns.
However, in a small to large study source, three newborns of women with COVID-19 tested positive for the virus.
The other 30 infants in the group tested negative, and the researchers were not sure whether the babies who tested positive actually contracted the virus in the womb or if they had received it immediately after delivery.
If I have COVID-19 at the time of delivery, do I need a C-section? Whether you deliver your baby vaginally or by cesarean section will depend on many factors, and not just whether you have COVID-19.
But experts say a vaginal delivery is favorable for a cesarean delivery, provided you are eligible for a vaginal delivery and a cesarean section is not recommended due to other factors. They note that surgery on an already weakened body with a serious virus can cause additional complications.
If coronavirus can pass through breast milk: In some studies in lactating women with coronavirus, the answer is no. But experts warn that more research needs to be done to ensure it before there is no risk.
The CDCTrusted source says that if you have a new mother who has COVID-19 (or may be suspicious), talk to your doctor about the pros and cons of breastfeeding. If you decide to breastfeed, you can help expose your baby to the virus:
Wear a face mask: Wash your hands well before touching your child; Be sure to pass under the nails and into the finger straps. Wash your hands well before handling a breast pump or bottle. Consider someone who would give a baby a bottle of expressed breast milk
What is the best strategy to avoid the coronavirus? There is no doubt that you have heard them before, but they are repeated. Wash your hands for 20 seconds with soap and water. (See our tutorial). If necessary, use a hand sanitizer with at least 60 percent alcohol.
And discard the wet wipes, they don’t disinfect. Stand 6 feet away from people. Avoid touching your face, especially your mouth, eyes, and nose. Stay out of the big crowd. In fact, the more you can limit your exposure to people, the better. Eat well Get enough rest.
Exercise if your doctor says it well. A healthy body is better at preventing all kinds of diseases.
Takeaway: Like swollen ankles and constipation, anxiety is a constant companion during pregnancy. But it is important to have perspective. This new coronavirus is serious business, but, pregnant or not, you are not a sitting duck.
Although there is still a lot to learn about the virus, there is little research showing that pregnant women with COVID-19 are more likely to have a serious illness than others. Based on the limited data we have so far.
The virus is unlikely to pass to your babies during pregnancy or delivery. As it is said, it is worth preparing, not to be intimidated. Simple steps like washing your hands well and limiting your time in the crowd can go a long way in saving you and your child.